Giving up drugs or alcohol is rarely a simple matter of choice. Many people who are struggling with habitual substance abuse are also dependant on the substance they are using. This means that their bodies or their minds – frequently, both – have become so accustomed to the substance that it has become a necessary means of survival. Once they have reached this point of tolerance, even the most well-intentioned and determined alcohol or drug addicts cannot just decide to set down the vodka, the cocaine, or the prescription opioids and not pick them up again.
For most addicts, quitting means unbearable cravings, withdrawal symptoms that are frightening, uncomfortable, and sometimes dangerous, and perhaps most difficult of all, the need to learn how to cope with the stresses of the world without picking up a bottle, a syringe or a pill.
Rehab facilities and treatment programs exist so that recovering addicts can accomplish several things, including the following:
But just as there are different medications, therapies and treatments for other physical and mental illnesses, there are different kinds of addiction treatment. The one you select depends on your unique set of needs and circumstances.
Rehab is broadly split into two categories: inpatient rehab and outpatient addiction treatment.
If you enter an inpatient rehab program, you are a resident of the facility for the duration of the treatment. You are given a place to sleep, all of your meals, and some recreational amenities and activities in addition to your appointments with therapists and doctors. One of the biggest benefits to this approach is that you receive round-the-clock care and support, and there is no possibility of relapse during your phase of rehab.
This varies widely from one rehab centre to the next, and this is largely reflected in the cost. Some rehab centres offer basic shared accommodations and canteen-style meals, while others provide luxurious private living quarters and meals prepared by a chef.
Most rehab centres, regardless how basic or luxurious they are, have some features in common. These include the following:
Although all facilities have restrictions on what their clients can take, some personal effects are not only permitted, but encouraged. We all have some personal items that comfort us, such as favourite books, photographs of loved ones or artists’ supplies.
Some items that may be prohibited include:
All treatment centres allow prescription medication that is used for specific medical purposes, and that is not detrimental to recovery. Facilities have varying rules surrounding the storage and dispensation of prescription medication.
Clients can bring medical equipment that is needed for their day to day health. Service animals are permitted in all parts of Canada and the United States, but the rules about what documentation should accompany them depends on your state or province.
In most rehabilitation centres, your treatment program depends on a number of factors, including the following:
The specific therapeutic methods offered vary greatly from one inpatient rehab facility to the next. Some examples of therapies and services that might be offered include:
The cost of inpatient treatment depends on the the facilities and amenities offered, the length of your stay, and the therapies provided. While the cost quoted to you may seem high, it is important to remember that it includes all of your therapy, counselling and medical care, as well as your meals, accommodation and amenities.
If you feel that inpatient rehabilitation is the right option for you, but you fear that you may not be able to afford it, find out if you can cover some of the cost with your medical insurance or through employer payments. Additionally, some rehabilitation centres offer flexible payment terms.
People sometimes resist inpatient treatment programs because they worry about the disruption to their lives. However, this option has many benefits, including the following:
Although inpatient treatment is the ideal choice for almost all people who are trying to recover from substance abuse disorders, it is not a feasible option for everybody.
Outpatient rehab treatment programs provide access to a suite of physical and mental health services while allowing you to continue living at home.
Like inpatient options, outpatient treatment plans are customized for the individual, with consideration for several factors, such as the following:
Outpatient rehab services that are offered vary from one program to the next, but may include the following:
Some people believe that inpatient rehab is the only effective option, and if they cannot afford this, they will choose to forego rehab entirely and try to overcome the addiction themselves. Other people might tell themselves that this is not the right time for inpatient rehab, so they will go another time.
The reality is that no one should wait to get help. By not going to rehab, you could be at risk of allowing your addiction to get an even firmer hold on you, and for some people, this could prove to be fatal. Even for the most determined people, going it alone can be a challenge.
Studies consistently show that people who go through any kind of rehab program are significantly more likely to succeed in their recovery – and this includes avoiding relapse.
Some benefits of outpatient rehab include the following:
For most people, the more intense inpatient rehab is the most effective option. However, you might be a good candidate for outpatient addiction treatment if the following statements apply:
Whether you choose inpatient rehab or outpatient addiction treatment, it is important to know that working towards recovery is a full-time job. Your therapists and doctors are there to provide you with help and support, but you will do most of the work yourself.
In addition, regardless of what kind of treatment you select, you are encouraged to ask about addiction aftercare services. Recovery does not end at the moment your rehab is complete: it is a process that can take your whole life. The support provided by an aftercare program can dramatically reduce your risk of relapse and help you through the difficult times.
Photo credit: Portland Prevention. This picture has a Creative Commons attribution license.— Addiction Recovery, Addiction Treatment, Ontario Rehab, Substance Abuse Treatment